by Phil Rose
Coaching Points for Players
1 During the Game: – POSSESSION
1) Are you in the best position to receive ball? Can you better it?
2) Can you create more space and time for yourself?
3) What are your options? Short pass or long pass (Deep)
4) Did you have support? Did you look?
5) Did you have time on the ball and did you use this time to make a correct decision?
6) What pressure was on you when you made your first touch?
7) Could you have shot at goal yourself?
8 ) Where should you have passed the ball? (In front or behind your team mate, to their right or left foot!).
9) What was wrong with the pass you made?
10) Where and how in our attack did we create more opportunities to score?
11) Where and why did we lose the ball?
12) What is our opposition’s weakness?
13) How are they defending?
14) Where is there space on the field?
15) What are you saying on the park to help your team?
16) Is your communication constructive?
1) Who is pressuring the ball? Who should be pressuring the ball? Who was in the best position to pressure the ball?
2) Which way should you pressure the player with the ball? Why?
3) Why did he get past you? Were you patient enough? Were you too patient?
4) How can you tell if a player is feeling pressure?
5) How should you position your feet?
6) When is the right moment to win the ball?
7) Where is your support? Are you looking?
8 ) Where is his support? Are you looking?
9) Which ways can you pressure the ball/player?
10) Who is covering your back? Are you looking?
11) Which direction are they attacking us most?
12) What is their style of attack and play?
13) Who are their danger players? Where are their weaknesses?
1) When we won the ball where was the pressure at? Where on the field were their players? Where did we have space to utilise?
2) Where are the opposition’s weaknesses? What areas are they leaving open?
3) What formation are they when they attack opposed to when they are defending? Are they spread out or bunched up?
4) When you won the ball what was your first thought?
5) When we win the ball should we play fast? Why?
1) When we lose the ball who is in the best position to pressure the player with the ball?
2) How does immediate pressure on the ball help us?
3) What is our first priority when we lose possession?
4) When we lose the ball do we have to pressure it immediately to be effective defensively?
5) Where do we not want the opposition to attack us when we lose it?
There are three areas of game play in every game,
1) Attack : when we are in possession!
2) Defence : when they are in possession!
3) Transition : when we change from attack to defence or defence to attack!
The above points are there to help players improve performance and to help them understand and read the game more effectively.
“Son …. If you’re in the opposition’s penalty area and you aren’t quite sure what to do with the ball….. Just stick it in the net and we can talk about your options afterwards…. ”
If a player isn’t interfering with play or seeking to gain an advantage, then he should be!
Bill Shankly
Liverpool FC
Coaching Points for Coaches
Effective coaches are governed by their respect for players under their influence, a desire to see them succeed, and a desire to bring out the best for the player for whom they are responsible.
Jack H Grossman
Ten Qualities of Outstanding Coaches
1) Listen, really listen!
2) Take an interest in players under your influence
3) Give them clear understandable, realistic and achievable expectations
4) Be eager to transmit knowledge or insights to your player
5) Reinforce positive behaviour
6) Be trustworthy
7) Be flexible and open minded
8 ) Have a good sense of humour and be enthusiastic
9) Challenge, motivate and always demand top quality performances
10) Demonstrate self control at all times
1) Encourage each player with only positive re-enforcement. Expect players to exceed their own expectations. The more you expect from them the more they will give. When it is called for DEMONSTRATE PATIENCE.
2) Get to know all players in your team as soon as possible and respond to them by name regularly.
3) Keep all players involved in appropriate activities. These activities MUST
mirror the real game. Avoid lines of lots of waiting and always strive for
maximum participation
4) During demonstration coaches should insist the players are attentive and
quiet and ensure that they pay attention to the key coaching phrases during
demonstrations. A good demonstration paints a picture can understand.
5) Create an environment in your group where players feel confident and will take steps to try new things. Give lots of positive feedback and celebrate good examples of technique/tactics or personality.
6) Set up situations and scenarios (with pressure) that provides players with
the opportunity to solve game like problems. Repetition and rehearsal in these situations will allow players to recognize problems, deal with pressure and make good decisions.
7) Self Discovery is just as important to players as guided discovery.
8 ) Remember you are the BEST role model : present a good picture.
9) Enthusiasm breeds Enthusiasm.
1) ¦.. using any profanities even among coaches when players are present.
2) ¦.. negative tendencies while players are playing (this conveys a negative
and poor body language or disinterest to the players and others who may be
3) ¦..not dealing with any player that may be disruptive or disrespectful.
4) ¦¦ allowing players to wander away from training field or match day
sidelines without permission.
5) ¦.negative reinforcement and criticism of players.
The good coach is not the one who sees the game but the one who reads the
game (Silence is Golden) Mario Zagallo
Brazil FA
All too often the head coach and assistants become spectators when the game begins. They are there to work (This does not mean too much talking)
Bill Beswick
England FA
It would be grossly unjust and naïve to expect a player to cope with a problem during a game that has not been proficiently addressed during training sessions
A combination of guided discovery, self discovery and a concept of play and learn is a proven, modern method for player development and performance improvement
Any coach can talk a good game. Advanced coaches talk less and see more. A coach who has mastered the art of observation understands that player
performance evaluation through observation is more likely to result in player development and improved performance. This coach is more likely to have players wanting to play for them rather than a coach who spends every practise or game giving play by plays to players and does not allow them to solve problems by themselves
(Observation as a coaching tool takes years to develop) Phil Rose, Clinician
NSCAA Convention, St Louis, 2009
Remember: The game belongs to the players (not the coaches). Let them play


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